To the south lies the remains of Herod’s palace fortress made famous by the first century resistance of Jewish fighters, who held out against an onslaught of Roman soldiers during the first Jewish Rebellion against the Roman authorities. When the fortress was finally overrun by the Roman troops they found that the entire community had chosen to end their lives rather than to be taken into slavery. Although the rebels had burned all of the buildings, they left vast stores of food and water indicating that the siege could have lasted indefinitely.
There is no mention of Masada in the Bible, although David may have been referring to it as the stronghold in 1 Samuel 22:4-5, 23:14, and 24:22.
During the revolt, Masada had become a refuge for those fleeing the Roman troops. Following the destruction of the Temple in 70 AD the last refugees arrived. They built a synagogue, public hall and ritual bath. The remains of these still stand today and you can sit in the synagogue and enjoy the quiet and clear desert air.
Imagine around you this steadfast community of dedicated zealots fervently calling out to the God of Israel as they recited their daily prayers.